Wayang known since prehistoric times of about 1500 years before Christ. Indonesian society held belief [pagan] worship of ancestral spirits called or Dahyang Hyang, manifested in the form of [the statue] or image.
Wayang is the Indonesian traditional art developed primarily in Java and Bali. UNESCO has recognized puppet show on November 7, 2003, as a work of amazing cultural stories in narrative and beautiful heritage and valuable (Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity).
There are puppet versions played by people in costume, which is known as the puppet people, and there is also a collection of puppet plays puppet puppeteer. Puppet plays is such a mastermind puppet or puppet show. A story told in the wayang performance usually comes from the Mahabharata and the Ramayana.
Wayang show in every country has its own technique and style, thus puppet is made in Indonesia Indonesian people who have a genuine story, style and extraordinary puppeteer.
Sometimes repertoire Panji stories and stories Menak (Islamic stories) performed well.
Puppet, by the predecessors of this country really means very deep. Sunan Kali Jaga and Raden Patah was instrumental in developing the Puppet. The Guardian in the land of Java is arranged into three parts. First Wayang Kulit in East Java, the Wayang Wong or Wayang Orang in Central Java, and the three Wayang Golek in West Java. Very connected each one another. Ie “Where the contents (Wayang Wong) and Where the Skin (Wayang Kulit) should be sought (Wayang Golek)”.
Types of wayang
Wayang Kulit (Leather Puppet)
Wayang Kayu (Wooden Puppet)
The types of wayang kulit by region or ethnic origin
There are also puppet who uses language like Local Melayu Betawi, Palembang and Banjar language:1.Yogyakarta, Surakarta 2.Gagrag 3.Banyumasan4.Bali5.Banjar (South Kalimantan)6.Palembang (South Sumatra)7.Betawi (Jakarta)8.Cirebon (West Java)9.Madura (now extinct)