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How To Create A Standalone Connection Pool In Java?

Following is the method I generally prefer to create the connection pool for any database. I use the BasicDataSource class developed by “Apache Software Foundataion” and available for free. For working with this, you may need to add these jar files to your classpath:

1. commons-dbcp.jar2. commons-pooljar3. commons-collections.jar4. mysql-connector-java-5.1.5-bin.jar (for MySQL database server. Replace this with classes12.jar if you are using Oracle)

To create a DataSource object, just instanciate the BasicDataSource class and set the properties related to the database.

BasicDataSource ds = new BasicDataSource();ds.setDriverClassName(“com.mysql.jdbc.Driver”);ds.setUsername(“root”);ds.setPassword(“secret”);ds.setUrl(“jdbc:mysql://localhost/vinod”);

Replace the word “localhost” with the IP address of the remote server, if you are using one.

You can now set the connection-pool properties also.


That’s it. You have just created 20 ready to use connection objects in a pool.

Typically you wrap all these statements in a method as below:

DataSource getDataSource(){BasicDataSource ds = new BasicDataSource();ds.setDriverClassName(“com.mysql.jdbc.Driver”);ds.setUsername(“root”);ds.setPassword(“secret”);ds.setUrl(“jdbc:mysql://localhost/vinod”);ds.setMaxActive(20);ds.setMaxIdle(2);return ds;}

All you have to do to retrieve this is to call the getConnection() method of javax.sql.DataSource.

DataSource ds=getDataSource();Connection conn=ds.getConnection();

Don’t forget to close the connection, as this would ensure your connection is returned to the pool.

Download sample program from [http://kvinod.com/standalone-dbcp-in-java/StandaloneDBCP.java]

Once you have the connection, you can use the same to create Statement, PreparedStatement or use it for transaction management etc.

About the Author: admin

Kangdadang earned his Diploma degree from dr Otten Academy of Nursing, Bandung in 2002. 2010 He joined the accounting graduate program In economics faculty at The University of Kepulauan Riau. He received his Master of Science degree in Human Resource in 2013 from The University of Batam. While his work at local government, Kang Dadang also interest on IM, today he manage many blog and owner of Pesonaweb.com
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